What is the Quran (meaning and characteristics)

What is the Quran

It is known as the Quran Holy Scripture of Islam showing the true path of salvation. The word Quran is translated as “recitation.”

According to Islamic doctrines, the Quran contains the revelations that God made to the prophet Muhammad, also known as Muhammad, through the angel Gabriel. Muslims affirm that in the Quran, God speaks about the essence of himself, the relationship he has with human beings and how they will be held accountable before Him in the Last Judgment.

The message was revealed in Arabic, the language of the people for whom it was intended. Although the revelation was complete before the death of the prophet Muhammad in the year 632, tradition indicates that he himself did not organize the material into a definitive text, with his successors – caliphs – being in charge of completing the task approximately in the year 650.

The Quran mentions six fundamental beliefs: in God, in angels, in books, in prophets, in the Day of Resurrection and Judgment, and in the all-encompassing Decree of God. Therefore, for the Quran, the individual was born to worship and serve Allah, as well as maintain proximity to Him.

Although the Quran refers to Muhammad and his ancient Islamic community, it offers moral guidance for people of all periods and races, capturing recognized passages from the Jewish and Christian Old Testament, as well as biblical figures: Moses, Abraham, Mary , Adam.

The Quran is divided into 114 suras (chapters) and verses. Each chapter has a specific name and a variable number of verses.

The first suragenerally known as Fatilha or introduction, is a short sentence and the others are organized by size starting with the longest. The first suras revealed to the prophet are brief, which is why parts of the Quran are in reverse chronological order. Accordingly, the Quran begins like this:

“In the name of God, the Gracious and Merciful, Praise be to God, lord of the worlds, the Gracious, the Merciful, Owner of the Day of Judgment. To you we implore, to you we ask for help, guide us on the straight path, the path of those whom You have favored, who are not objects of Your wrath and are not of those who are astray” (Q1:1-7)

The Quran is recited sung, being one of the fine arts of the Muslim world, being essential for a Muslim to learn some surahs of the Quran, starting with the first and advancing to the last of the book. The individual capable of reciting the entire Quran is called qārieither hafiz which mean “memorizer” or “reciter.”

The Quran has been translated into other languages ​​but for Muslims they are not authentic copies of their Holy Book, since for them Arabic is not just an original language of the Quran but the language of the Quran, so the translation of the scripture was a problem for Muslims.

The first to translate the Quran was the translator Robert de Ketton into Latin in the year 1143.

You may also be interested in: Islam, Islamism and Caliph.

How to quote: “Quran.” In: Meanings.com. Available in: https://www.meanings.com/coran/ Consulted: