What is the Green Revolution

The green revolution was an agricultural transformation that occurred between 1960 and 1980, based on the accelerated increase in food production, based on the selective crossing of species and the use of fertilizers, pesticides and new irrigation techniques.

Its novelty was in increasing the food production of the countryside without the need to expand the cultivated land, but rather stimulating the maximum yield of the areas already exploited. With this, countries affected by famine were helped.

The key foods for the development of this revolution were cereals, particularly rice, corn and wheat. The crossing of several types of these species allowed the development of stronger and more productive strains. Added to the use of fertilizers and pesticides, production increased significantly.

Origin of the green revolution

The green revolution aimed to solve the problem of insufficient rural production in response to the rapid growth of the population in the 20th century. Back then, that was one of the causes of hunger and death from malnutrition.

It was Norman Ernest Borlaug, an agronomist originally from the United States of America, who promoted this revolution thanks to the support of different agricultural organizations at the international level.

Since 1943, Borlaug was involved in agricultural research in Sonora, Mexico. His work had been very successful and he attracted the attention of India, a country that invited him as an advisor to find a solution to the famine. Little by little the project grew in different countries.

Criticism of the green revolution

However, although the problem of famine was solved, the problem of malnutrition continued. Indeed, the new strains of these cereals proved to yield more, but their nutritional qualities were inferior to the original strains.

Added to this is the environmental impact of the green revolution, a consequence of the use of fuel-based tractors, the construction of dams and irrigation systems, high energy consumption and the use of polluting chemical products, among others.

Currently, the problem of world hunger is not related to the productive capacity of the countryside, but rather to the food distribution chain and its costs. For many sectors of society, food is out of their economic reach.

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How to cite: Imaginario, Andrea (05/23/2019). “What is the Green Revolution.” In: Meanings.com. Available in: https:///revolucion-verde/ Consulted:

University professor, singer, graduate in Arts (mention Cultural Promotion), with a master’s degree in Comparative Literature from the Central University of Venezuela, and a doctoral student in History at the Autonomous University of Lisbon.