What is Pointillism (neo-impressionism)

Pointillism, also known as neo-impressionism, dot painting or divisionism, was a painting technique created in France, in the mid-1880s, in which it consists of the decomposition of tones based on tiny brush strokes, similar to small colored dots. The word pointillism is of French origin pointillisme.

The pointillism technique was developed from the impressionist movement and focuses on the production of color through juxtaposed brushstrokes, that is, because the colors are pure and never mix with each other, but rather the viewer himself does it. However, the evolution from impressionism to pointillism is due to the scientific studies of Michel Chevreul (1786-1889), who published his work From the law of simultaneous contrast of colors (1839) and Hermann von Helmholtz (1821-1894) investigated the theory of trichromatic color vision (1878).

For more information, see the article impressionism.

Characteristics of pointillism

As said previously, pointillism was a technique created from the impressionist movement, so the decomposition of colors and luminosity, the way of creating dimension and depth, as well as the preference of doing outdoor paintings with the in order to capture light and color are characteristics attributed to that movement.

However, pointillism is more focused on geometric cutting or the scientific search for color to obtain brighter tones that allow light and heat to be transmitted. Also, pointillism used the juxtaposition of primary colors separated by very small white spaces that ends up mixing the images and colors, producing a third color, which when viewing the painting from a distance allows a dotted image to become continuous when mixed in the eyes of the observer. , which produces the impression of a whole.

Therefore, tone is the decomposition of primary colors, which allow secondary colors to emerge that constitute the shape of the objects represented, once the prismatic alteration of color enhances the impression and tones.

Representatives of pointillism and their works

The greatest representatives of pointillism were:

Paul Signac (1863-1935): considered the father, creator, or initiator of pointillism. He himself painted, among many works, The Port of Marseilles, The Red Buoy, The Breakfast. Georges Seurat (1859-1891): among his works, The Circus, The Models, The Seine and the Grande Jatte in Spring stand out.

Also, the artists were influenced by pointillism: Van Gogh (1853-1890), Henri Matisse (1869-1954) and Pablo Picasso (1881-1973).

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