What is Oxidation

Oxidation is a phenomenon in which an element or compound binds with oxygen. Strictly speaking, oxidation refers to the Chemical process which implies the loss of electrons by a molecule, atom, or ion. When this occurs, we say that the substance has increased its Oxidation state. Oxidation indicates the action and effect of oxidizing or rust.

See also Rust.

Oxidation and reduction

The oxidation is the chemical process in which a molecule, atom or ion loses electrons and reduction It is the opposite process. That is to say, the chemical reaction that involves the gain of electrons by a molecule, atom or ion.

The simultaneity of these processes is known as redoxcontraction of words reduction and oxidation.

Basically, Redox refers to the transfer of electrons between two elements or compounds.where he oxidizing agent gains electrons, while the reducing agent he loses them. This transfer produces a variation in the oxidation states of the elements, being that in the first it is reduced and in the second it increases.

Types of oxidation

Slow oxidation

Processes of slow oxidation They are present in our daily lives, some in plain sight and others invisibly making part of our lives.

For example, we can record oxidation in the metal corrosion like iron in contact with water. Also in different biological processessuch as respiration, plant photosynthesis, the oxidation of glucose or fatty acids, and the fermentation of various substances, such as dairy products or alcohols.

Rapid oxidation

The processes of rapid oxidation occur during a chemical reaction known as combustion and usually generate a huge amount of heat. As a consequence, considerable increases in temperature and flames are generated. The hydrocarbons They are conducive to this type of combustion.

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