Vanguard definition

1. A current of a radical nature present in the most diverse fields whose central idea implies breaking with the norms and standards used to date, in the search for innovation and originality of ideas. Examples: Literary avant-garde; V. Artistic; Technological v.; expression to be at the forefront. His name is a direct reference to the French word avant garde (front), where the term was first associated with the movement in the early 20th century.

2. Advanced position of the armed forces in a battle.

Etymology: By Old French avangarde, avant gardeformed from aheadon the Latin beforeas ‘distant’ and ‘in front of’ respectively, and gardenregarding ‘guard’, given by Gothic ‘*wardja’, in the sense of ‘guard’, ‘care’.

Grammatical category: noun fem.
in syllables: Vanguard.


Avant-garde is the name given to the set of artistic manifestations that developed in the first decades of the 20th century and that are characterized by the emphasis placed on innovation and confrontation with canonized aesthetic norms.. To understand the phenomenon, it is enough to analyze the term that gives it its name; The vanguard is the line that comes into contact with the enemy for the first time, that is, it is the most advanced. Thus, one of the main objectives of the avant-garde was to create a school, to start a new trend separating from the past.

The social context in which the avant-garde developed was extremely hectic.. The consequences of the industrial revolution were still fresh when the First World War and the Russian Revolution took place, drawing a new political map. As an aggravating fact of this convulsed situation, the economic system suffered its most serious crisis in history. It is for this reason, because of the important changes that were being suffered and because of the feeling that one could contribute positively to them, that the avant-gardes pretend to have social interference through their art. Thus, a work was no longer only intended for contemplation, but to reflect these changes.

Some examples of these movements are: dadaismwhich emphasizes the unreasonable, the rebellious and the destructive; the surrealismwhich is based on Freud’s postulates about the unconscious, pretending to reflect it in the work; futurismwhich was inspired by technical advances; ultraismwhich favored free verse and the elaboration of the metaphor; the cubismwhich represented reality through geometric shapes; expressionism, which emphasizes inner experiences; and fauvismwhich sought to express feelings through colors.

In general, the vanguards failed to prosper, mainly because it lacks its own support and is only based on the rejection of other tendencies. However, it must be recognized that have had an important influence on the artistic creations of the 20th century and those of today.