Urbanization Definition

1. Process of development and expansion of a certain area through a set of economic, demographic and social factors that result in the presence of high population concentrations.

Etymology: It comes from the adjective form of Latin urbanusof ‘urban’, with respect to urbs, urbisfor ‘city’, conjugating with the suffixes -iza and -ción, according to the corresponding sequence of adjectives and nouns.

Grammatical category: noun fem.
in syllables: urbanization.


In a broad sense, urbanization refers to the action and result of urbanizing.. The word urbanize basically has two widespread uses: on the one hand, it refers to the housing construction that is carried out on land that has been previously delimited for this purpose and provide it with all those necessary services, electricity, gas, telephone, among others, to later be inhabited by families, couples, among others. The other use that is attributed to urbanization is that of make a certain person sociable who is not sociable or who presents certain difficulties when engaging in conversations with people, either due to shyness, lack of practice, among other situations.

Residential center made up of houses with similar characteristics, provided with services and facilities and located on the outskirts of a large city

So, from the above it follows that urbanization or an urbanization will be that residential center made up of houses that have similar characteristics and that are provided with the aforementioned services and certain facilities and that is usually found on the outskirts of a large city.

For this last reason it is that traditionally those constructions cited in an old rural environment together with other neighboring towns, are called urbanization.

How does urbanization take shape?

Meanwhile, urbanization is a process that will require a series of steps and elements to achieve it… Those lands on which the urbanization will be based must first of all be divided into polygons and later into rural blocks to complete the second step. The blocks will always be delimited by streets or paths and will in turn be made up of parcels which must always observe an access to the street.

Basic services

Regarding the necessary services, previously mentioned, the plots will be those that will or will not have them, electrical service, sewerage, drinking water, sewage system, garbage collection, drinking water, public transport, which are the most basic that yes or yes, it must have an urbanization to be considered as such and also to function accordingly. And generally, it is usually stipulated that among the various blocks into which the developable land is divided, a place must be reserved especially for green spaces, such as parks, gardens for common use, among others.

A task that corresponds to the state

The development of urbanization in the various cities of a nation is a task that corresponds to the national, provincial or municipal states, as appropriate. In order to carry out this urbanization action, generally, the works that will consolidate this urbanization are tendered by public tender, such is the case of the electrical wiring, the sewage system, among others.

A promise especially in developing countries

Unfortunately and incredibly, in some countries, conforming urbanization is still a promise that has not been fully fulfilled and so it is possible to find areas very close to city centers in which there is still no electricity, gas, or sewage system. among other hyper-necessary services to guarantee that the neighbor can live in a comfortable and dignified way.

A paradigmatic case is that of shantytowns, almost all of them located in urban centers, and as a consequence of the precariousness that they present in every aspect, their urbanization is delayed, complicating not only the daily life of those who live there but also of those who they live in their surroundings.

Corruption and political mismanagement are undoubtedly the main stumbling blocks facing urbanization policy. Politicians more concerned with getting rich or benefiting some areas to the detriment of others, and neglect, are the main reasons found in those places where urbanization, even in the 21st century, is a debt.

The rate of urbanization an indicator linked to the development of the country

We must emphasize that the urbanization rate that a country presents is a clear and concrete indicator of the level of development that that country presents. In other words, if the urbanization rate is high, it will show that the country has high urbanization, while if the number is low, it will speak of a low rate and, in the case of deficient urbanization. The least developed countries are those with a low rate in this regard.

However, we should also indicate that although today the world urbanization rate is high, in many presumably advanced places, there is a deficit in this area, as we have already pointed out lines above.