What is urban

Urban It is an adjective used to indicate something that belongs to or relates to the city.

Some characteristics of the urban areas They are a large, highly dense population, and dedicated mainly to activities in the secondary and tertiary sector of the economy, that is, industry, commerce and services.

Likewise, the urban spaces They have complex infrastructures for the provision of services, such as water, electricity, transportation and communications.

He urban landscapefor its part, is distinguished by the predominance of vertical constructions intended for both housing and work, as well as complex road communication systems, which explains why in its configuration concrete and asphalt prevail over spaces. green.

Currently, the growth of urban spaces It is an inherent condition of cities with intense economic activity, which attract more and more people. This has led to its expansion to include other population centers that are integrated, in a harmonious and functional manner, within a scheme of urban Development.

All this implies that they share efficient road communication systems that facilitate daily labor migrations. In this sense, when the urban space is enlarged to the point of having in its area a set of cities or towns closely interrelated and cohesive with the main urban axis, we can speak of a Metropolitan area.

If you wish, you can also consult our article on the City.

On the other hand, the word urban It is also used as synonymous of cuts, attentive either politeto refer to the type of person who observes good manners in dealing with others.

Urban and rural

He rural concept It is used as the opposite of what urban. As such, it rural It is that which is typical or that refers to the field, both to the type of life and to the occupations typical of it.

Rural, on the other hand, can also refer to less dense population settlements with fewer inhabitants compared to urban ones. Its population is mainly dedicated to activities in the primary sector, such as livestock, agriculture, extraction of raw materials, etc. Characteristics of a rural zone They are a predominantly rural landscape, with abundant green spaces and wild areas.

See also Conurbation.

Urban and suburban

As suburban It is called a space that is not totally linked to the urban area itself, but is located on the outskirts or on its periphery, despite the fact that its inhabitants depend in many ways on the urban axis.

In this way, the suburban can refer to two types of population settlements located in the urban outskirts. First of all, it refers to a type of planned urban development, generally composed of single-family homes, equipped with all basic services and with an efficient road system that communicates with the main urban axis of the area. As such, it is mainly inhabited by a middle-class population that represents an important part of the city’s workforce. This type of population center is also usually known as a dormitory city or satellite city.

On the other hand, there is also the conception, in the Spanish language, of suburb as an improvised population settlement, with limited access to services and deficient road communication systems, inhabited mainly by people with limited resources. In this sense, it refers to a poverty belt or marginal area.

Marginal urban space

As marginal urban context is called that sector of urban space that includes peripheral areas, located in the urban outskirts, and consequently far from the central part of the city. As such, its population is made up of people in poverty. Some characteristics of these sectors are limited access to basic services (such as electricity and water), scarce or deficient road communication systems, as well as a lack of infrastructure for health or education services, and a general situation of abandonment regarding citizen security. These types of spaces are also known as poverty or misery belts.