Questions Geography as a Science

1. Geography as scientific knowledge began with:
Geography as scientific knowledge began with the Greeks, because they established two of the basic principles of Geography: description and location. Eratosthenes genuinely applies the scientific method in calculating the size of the Earth’s sphere.
2. Geography is considered a science:
Geography is considered a holistic science, because its fundamental objective is the organization of terrestrial space, which implies a comprehensive and multi-connected vision of terrestrial space and its different attributes or components.
3. Geography has the category of science, because:
A) it is the oldest of the sciences.
B) has its own object of study.
C) synthesizes scientific knowledge.
D) strengthens nationalism.
E) was relaunched by the Germans.
Geography has the category of science, for two main reasons:
– It has its own object of study and does not contrast with the object of study of other sciences.
– Apply the scientific method for research.
4. The classic founders of Geography are:
A) Alexander Von Humboldt, Karl Ritter and Friederick Ratzell
B) Hecataeus of Miletus, Eratosthenes of Cyrene and Strabo of Amasia
C) Paul Vidal de La Blache, Eliseo Reclus and Emmanuel de Martone
D) Emmanuel Kant, Bernardo Varenius and William Morris
E) Pedro Kropotkin, Fernidand Von Richthofen and Alfred Hettner
The classic founders of Geography are:
– Eratosthenes of Cyrene and
Because they did the first scientific works on Geography and also laid the epistemological foundations and the guiding principles of Geography.

RPTA.: B

5. The basic and functional unit of geographical studies is:
The basic and functional unit of geographical studies is the region.
The region is a spatial unit that presents its own particularities and potentialities; as well as easy apprehension for study.
6. Which of the following South American countries does not use geography as a strategic instrument in the control of its spaces and resources?
To Brazil
C) Chile
In South America, very few countries have developed Geography for the development of space. In Peru, geography is purely chorographic, that is, it is a descriptive geography. That is why it has no relevance in Peru’s development plans.
7. In countries with an extractive economy like Peru, the relationship between man and nature is essentially:
A) harmonica.
C) symbiotic.
In countries with an extractive economy like Peru, the relationship between man and nature is essentially conflictive, because there are great cultural problems and interests created as consequences of colonialism.
8. In Peru, geography is applied or used essentially in the following way:
A) is used to create a nationalist and universalist feeling.
B) is related to the demarcation and spatial planning of rural areas.
C) defines the master plans for national and intercontinental development.
D) describes nature and evokes the Inca tradition.
E) guides Peru’s geopolitical agenda in the South American context.
In Peru, geography is applied or used essentially in the following way: It describes nature and evokes the Inca tradition. Until now, Peruvian geography is essentially copyist, physiocratic, ecological and descriptive and as such does not define national policy.
9. Regional Geography is important for:
A) understand the universality of geographical phenomena
B) globally visualize Earth’s space
C) concatenate all planetary phenomena
D) identify the potential of terrestrial space
E) understand the global impact of capitalist society.
Regional Geography is important to identify the potential of terrestrial space, since it allows studying the minor details of terrestrial space on a large scale.
10. The two great geographical doctrines that explain the cultural and economic development of people are:
A) idealism and materialism.
B) positivism and historicism.
C) determinism and possibilism.
D) anarchism and conservatism.
E) humanism and naturalism.
The two great geographical doctrines that explain the cultural and economic development of people are determinism and possibilism.
For determinism, the development of people is limited to the spatial conditions of the environment.
For possibilism, nature, rather than limitations, offers infinite possibilities for the development of man and as such man, given his cultural, intellectual, historical and technological advantage, defines his economic and cultural development.
11. The entire planet Earth considered as an open and dynamic physical system is called:
According to the systemic currents of geographical thought, the entire planet Earth is considered as an open and dynamic physical system.
12. Deforestation of the high Andean slopes is causing landslides and floods in the high jungle. What geographical principle is applied?
Principle of Causality is applied
13. Soil science is a branch of Physical Geography that studies:
A) the spatial distribution of water.
B) the origin and evolution of soils.
C) the varied morphologies of the terrain.
D) the degree of vulnerability of ecosystems.
E) the Earth’s climate changes.
Soil science studies the mechanics and chemistry of soils; as well as its importance and agrological quality.
14.What does it depend on whether man’s environmental impact on geographic space is negative or positive?
A) It depends essentially on your economic and cultural condition
B) It depends on your degree of ecological awareness
C) It depends on your mood
D) It depends on your genetic and anthropological characteristics
E) It depends on its historical tradition
The environmental impact of man on geographical space, whether negative or positive, depends essentially on its economic and cultural condition as well as its historical tradition.
15. Regional geography aims to study:
A) phenomena of planetary scope.
B) a well-defined spatial area.
C) environmental pollution.
D) the universality of terrestrial phenomena.
E) the curved surface of the Earth.
Regional geography has as its object of study the region, which is a spatial unit well defined by its morphological and environmental characteristics.
16. With the contributions of Alexander von Humboldt and Paúl Vidal de la Blache, geography becomes fundamentally a science:
A) that describes regional landscapes.
B) that quantifies spatial dimensions
C) holistic that explains the relationship between man and nature.
D) that pays homage to nature.
E) that locates strategic spaces and resources.
With the contributions of Alexander von Humboldt and Paúl Vidal de la Blache, geography fundamentally becomes a Holistic science that explains the relationship between man and nature as an indissoluble dialectical unit.
17. Causality is a dialectical principle applied to geography by:
A) Paul Vidal de la Blache
C) Eratosthenes of Cyrene
E) Alexander von Humboldt
Causality is a dialectical principle applied to geography by Alexander Von Humboldt, when seeking the universal link and concatenation of terrestrial phenomena.
18. For geographical science, man is mainly a:
A) nature’s innate predator.
B) transforming agent of the physical environment.
C) passionate about nature.
D) activist of environmental problems.
E) wildlife enthusiast.
For geographical science, man is mainly a transforming agent of the physical environment, due to his intellect and inventive capacity.
19. In which of the following cases is the comparison principle applied:
A) The Peruvian coast is a narrow, desert plain
B) The Peruvian coast extends from Tacna to Tumbes
C) The Peruvian coast, unlike that of Ecuador, is desert
D) The Peruvian coast is desert due to the Cold Sea
E) The Peruvian coast conditions urban settlements
The comparison principle is applied when differentiating the Peruvian coast from the Ecuadorian coast.
20. Geography is of great importance mainly for:
A) know rural customs.
B) the organization of terrestrial space.
C) avoid damage to the ozone layer.
D) limit the development of the industry.
E) design architectural models.
In current times, Geography has great importance mainly for the organization of terrestrial space.

RPTA.: B