Questions from the Peruvian Population

Questionnaire with admission exam-type solution on the Peruvian population of Ancient Peru, History of Peru

1. To capture Andean camelids, hunters in ancient Peru practiced Chaku, in the period:
A) formative
C) lower archaic
Chaku was practiced in Peru since 8,000 BC, approximately when the Pleistocene culminated, the glaciers disappeared and the snows retreated to the high peaks. Peru was entering the new geological period of the Holocene and the so-called “Optimun Climaticun”.
Postglacial climate changes determined the change in flora and fauna. Large, woolly mammals became extinct and Andean camelids and cervids such as tarugos, pumas, foxes, viscachas, cuchis, etc. appeared. The primitives who demonstrated hunting using the Chaco technique were the man of Toquepala and Lauricocha in their cave painting. At this point the primitives still did not know horticulture, therefore they belonged to the lithic period.
2. The magical-religious hunt is expressed by the primitive man of ancient Peru in:
A) Religious burials.
B) The pyrography mates.
C) The first embroidered cloak.
D) Sculptures of crossed hands.
The man from Toquepala, whose chronology ranges between 7,617 BC to 7,500 BC, is the first cave painter in Peru. His painting represents scenes of llama and guanaco hunting, where men, women and even children are seen. Some men have the face of a llama or guanaco. Some parts of the drawing are broken, which suggests that it was a magical painting propitiatory for hunting.
3. During the lower archaic period of ancient Peru, the inhabitants of the coast practiced, in addition to collecting shellfish, the:
A) horticulture and sea lion hunting.
C) indiscriminate hunting.
E) irrigated agriculture.
The primitive Peruvians of the lower archaic of the coast, such as the man of Paracas (Santo Domingo), Pucusana, Chilca, Cabeza Larga, thanks to the practice of marine collection of shellfish, mollusks, crustaceans, and fishing, gradually established themselves, in a fixed place. They built the first huts in Peru. The knowledge of nature, the improvement of selective harvesting, allowed them to discover horticulture. The use of sticks and harpoons allowed them to hunt sea lions.

4. The emergence of social classes begins progressively in ancient Peru:

A) community and compulsory work.

B) the decomposition of the primitive community
C) the natural division of labor
D) hunting and gathering
E) a subsistence economy
At the end of the upper archaic period and the beginning of the so-called Andean formative period, the improvement of agricultural production techniques determined the appearance of the agricultural surplus. This brought many consequences, among them the appearance of the ruling classes and with it the first social classes. To the extent that the differences between social classes become accentuated, the primitive community gradually decomposes (Hordes – Clan – Ayllu).
5. In the Chicama valley, primitive man developed:
A) Chihuahua
Archaeologists and anthropologists, led by Claude Chauchad, in the Chicama valley (La Libertad – North of Trujillo) found the so-called Paiján man from 8,000 BC to 8,500 BC. They found a couple (man and woman) whose bone remains are complete. He built the so-called first shelters in Peru.
6. The appearance of horticulture and rabbit farming shows:
A) the effect of the first stone carvings.
B) the emergence of food production.
C) the discovery of fire.
D) the ability to build temples.
E) the appearance of ceramics.
Horticulture and rabbit farming emerged in Peru in the lower archaic period. The semi-nomadic horticulturists of this period demonstrate the practice of a self-sufficient economy, that is, they are capable of transforming nature and obtaining resources that satisfy their needs. The subsistence economy is left behind. This is the case of the Man of the Guitarrero (first horticulturist) and the Man of Piquimachay (first rabbit farmer).
7. It is a characteristic of the upper archaic or sedentary horticulturists in the history of Peru.
A) Appearance of rabbit farming.
B) Percussion and pressure techniques for stone carving.
C) The construction of the first ceremonial centers.
D) The formation of the first villages.
E) The first domestication of the Dog.
The Upper Archaic (4,500 BC – 1,500 BC) was characterized in the history of Peru by:
a) Development of agricultural production techniques
c) Social division of labor
g) Architecture emerges: temples – ceremonial centers
h) Cotton textiles based on fabrics
8. Indicate which propositions are true or false:
-Seichi Izumi, Temple of the Crossed Hands ( )
-Junius Bird, Tablada de Lurín ( )
-Eduardo Lanning, man from Chivateros ( )
In 1960, a delegation of archaeologists and anthropologists from the University of Tokyo arrived in Peru and discovered the temple built by the man from Kotosh: “Crossed Hands.” The American Junius Bird discovered the Huaca Prieta man in 1947, applying the carbon 14 technique for the first time. The Tablada de Lurín man was discovered by Josefina Ramos de Cox. In 1961 Eduardo Lanning discovered the man from Chillón and his 4 sites: red zone, Oquendo, Chivateros I, Chivateros II
9. The man of ……………………. built his huts in circular holes, supported by sticks covered with vines.
B) Paijan
The Paracas man discovered in the pampas of Santo Domingo, Pisco, Ica in 1963 by Federico Engels, aged 6870 BC to 5750 BC, was found inside some bags of rattan, buried in his own hut that served as his home, Its semicircular huts, located in semi-subterranean spaces, were supported by sticks covered with rattan and cactus. He made the first village in Peru. He grew pumpkins and pallares.
10. Point out the true and false propositions.
I. Huaca Prieta  Embroidered a condor on a mantle.
II. Chuquitanta  first sedentary.
III. Tablada de Lurín  first sculptor.
IV. Cerro paloma  first architect
The man from Huaca Prieta made the first cotton cloak, where he embroidered a condor with open wings (2,500 BC) The man from Chuquitanta from 1600 BC located in the Chillón valley, North of Lima, built the temple of paradise. The first sedentary person in Peru was the man from the Tablada de Lurín, 4500 BC, located 23 km south of Lima. The first sculptor of ancient Peru was the Kotosh man, who made the “crossed hands.” Cerro Paloma, 4334 BC, 58 km south of Lima, he built a rectangular stone enclosure, making him the first architect in America.
11. Indicate the correct relationship:
B) Piquimachay: Ramiro Matos
C) Pachamachay: Junius Bird
D) Santo Domingo: Richard Mc Neish
E) Huaca Prieta: Eduardo Lanning
The ceremonial center of the Aldas was discovered by Rosa Fung. Piquimachay was discovered by Richard Mc Neish, its chronology dates from 4500 BC to 3500 BC. Pachamachay was discovered by Ramiro Matos, dating back to 5000 BC. The man from Santo Domingo or Paracas was discovered by Federico Engels, dating back to 6870 BC. Huaca prieta, dating back to 2500 BC, was discovered by Junius Bird. Eduardo Lanning discovered the Chillón sites (10,500 BC – 7,000 BC)
12. The existence of economic surplus and labor direction evidences:
A) the exploitation of peasant communities.
B) the development of the predatory economy.
C) the carrying out of activities and public construction works.
D) the state’s oppression of the people.
E) the improvement of housing.
The economic surplus is a consequence of the development of productive forces in Peru, it was achieved in the upper archaic period when agricultural production techniques were perfected. The surplus results in:
a) emergence of a ruling class (labor leadership)
b) social division of labor
c) architecture emerges:
Temples – homes – ceremonial centers.
13. The archaic man of the Peruvian coast managed to establish villages to collect, mainly due to:
A) the social division of labor.
B) the abundance of marine resources.
C) bean and chili crops.
D) the need to make ceramics.
E) the development of livestock.
The abundance of marine resources: shellfish, mollusks, crustaceans, shells, fish, etc., determines that the primitive coastal people of the lower archaic period, having secured a large amount of food, decided to establish their residence near their food source, building the first huts from the History of Peru. Its main economy was marine harvesting rather than fishing and hunting of sea lions. Then he developed agriculture.
14. The social organization that was formed in the Peruvian upper archaic was:
A) The Clan
C) The Hordes
The ayllu, (community of families united by blood, territorial ties, etc.) emerged in the upper archaic period, as a consequence of greater agricultural production, the appearance of productive surplus, and population increase.
15. The first Andean crops were:
A) Jíquima and annatto
D) The pallar and the pumpkin
Latest archaeological and paleobotanical research shows that the oldest crops in Peru have been beans and chili. The bean, 7000 BC found in Ancash; and the 7000 BC chili found in Ayacucho.
16. The man from Chilca, Santo Domingo and Guitarrero had the following respective characteristics:
A) He staked his dead – bone quenas – remains of beans and pumpkin.
B) Bone quenas – stake to their dead – textile art
C) Remains of beans and pumpkin – first cranial deformation – bone quenas
D) First cranial deformation – bone quenas – remains of beans and chili.
E) First architecture – first sedentary – first sculptor.
The man from Chilca, discovered by Engels, from a chronology of 3790 BC, was found dead staked in the basement, inside some huts; to the man of Paracas Quenas, and to the man of Guitarrero from 7000 BC to 6000 BC (discovered in Ancash by Thomas Lynch, fejol and pumpkin were found)
17. The man from Cerro Paloma discovered by Federico Engels and aged 4,334 BC. C., was characterized because:
A) he made the first pyrography mates.
B) he was a sedentary man who built the temple of paradise.
C) it was a ceremonial center where a wooden carving was found.
D) He made the first textiles in cactus or maguey.
E) He was a sedentary person who created the first architecture in America.
The man from Cerro Paloma built a rectangular stone enclosure with mortar 8 cm wide and 9 cm long, 1 m…