Questions about Philosophical Anthropology

Quiz on Philosophical Anthropology with solution
1. A……………….. He is considered the initiator of the ……….. Period of ancient Greek philosophy.
A) Aristotle – Cosmological
C) Socrates – Anthropological
D) Heraclitus – Existential
E) Thales of Miletus – Mythological
Socrates, philosopher and defender of human virtue, is the initiator of the Anthropological Period of ancient Greek philosophy.
2. Philosophical Anthropology is a discipline that studies man from the point of view……………….:
A) Totalizer and critic.
D) Particular and scientific
Philosophical Anthropology is a specialty of philosophy that studies man from a totalizing and critical point of view.
3. Anthropological position that explains the origin of man
Creationism is a religious and idealistic anthropological position that supports the divine origin of man; while Evolutionism is a scientific theory that defends the process of evolution of animal species, including man.
4. Indicate the anthropological position held by the philosopher Renato Descartes, when expressing that man is essentially made up of substances: Res Extensa and Res Cogitans.
A) Rationalist
Descartes defends the dualistic position in the composition or human essence, whose ingredients are: Extension (body) and Cogitans (thought).
5. “Cosmological optimism” is a philosophical position defended by:
The rationalist philosopher Godofredo Leibniz defends “cosmological optimism.”
6. Expressing that: “Man is man’s wolf”, leads us to anthropological thinking………
Maintaining that “man is man’s wolf” refers us to pessimistic thinking. This doctrine was defended by the English philosopher Thomas Hobbes.
7. Indicate which anthropological position is the result of the following expression: “When man is born, he is nothing, and only exists when he freely decides what he is and what he will be”:
Existentialism created by the Danish philosopher Sören Kierkegaard, expanded by Jean Paul Sastre and others.
8. Theological Philosophical Anthropology studies man, mainly, from the plane:
Theology superimposes the spiritual element (soul) on the material element in the human being.
9. Of the following anthropological theories, indicate those that address the human essence:
A) Idealism – Empiricism
B) Historicism – Culturalism
C) Eclecticism – Vitalism
D) Creationism- Evolutionism
E) Materialism – Spiritualism
Materialism and Spiritualism are anthropological positions that discuss the human essence. They are essentially opposites.
10. Sören Kierkegaard and Jean Paul Sartre call their philosophy humanist:
C) Social Anthropology
E) Anthropological Pessimism
Sören Kierkegaard and Jean Paul Sartre are defenders of Existentialism.
11. Clearly religious theories about human conception.
A) Creationism and Spiritualism.
B) Materialism and Spiritualism
C) Creationism and Materialism
D) Materialism and Naturalism
E) Dualism and Materialism
Creationism defends the origin of man from a religious point of view; from the same point. Spiritualism defends the human essence.
12. The Evolutionary Theory on the origin of man, proposed by C. Darwin, has the following content:
Carlos Darwin, English scientist, gives his Theory a natural content with scientific rigor.
13. The spiritualist anthropological theory is contrary to the theory:
Materialism and Spiritualism are conceptions.
14. The philosopher Karl Marx defends his anthropological position from the point of view: …….. ; While Jean Paul Sartre does it from the point……
A) Idealist – Materialist
B) Materialist – Existentialist
C) Rationalist – Idealist
D) Pessimist – Empiricist
E) Existentialist – Materialist
Karl Marx, German philosopher, founder of dialectical materialism, interprets man from the material plane; while Jean Paul Sastre is a follower of the Theory of Existentialism.
15. Aristotle considers man as an “animal………”.
Aristotle, Greek realist philosopher, considers man, in his work “Politics”, as a “political animal”.
16. Establish the correct sequential relationship to the following philosophers: Aristotle – Socrates
A) Cosmological – Humanist
B) Humanist – Cosmological
C) Systematic – Humanist
D) Systematic – Cosmological
E) Humanist – Cosmological
Aristotle is representative of the Systematic Period of Greek philosophy; while Socrates is the initiator of the Anthropological Period.
17. Philosophical Anthropology allows us to concentrate all concerns about: ……………….. of man.
Philosophical Anthropology studies man from a totalizing point of view and explains the origin, essence, destiny and the human spirit from different positions.
18. Indicate the incorrect relationship
D) Gnoseology: knowledge
E) Anthropology: metaphysics
Anthropology has Man as its object of study and not Metaphysics.
19. French philosopher defender of the Theory “Anthropological Optimism”
Juan Jacobo Rousseau is considered a representative of Anthropological Optimism, for maintaining that man is good by nature.
20. Set the wrong relationship:
A) Pessimism – Thomas Hobbes
B) Existentialism-Jean P. Sastre
C) Materialism – Karl Marx
D) Humanism – Socrates
E) Evolutionism – Thomas Aquinas
The Theory of Evolutionism is defended by Carlos Darwin; while Thomas Aquinas, Christian philosopher and founder of scholasticism, defends the Theory of Creationism.