Questions about Personality with Solution

Personality and Personality Alterations
1. Point out the factors that influence personality development.
A) Biological
D) Personal
The following areas are considered personality factors: biological, environmental and personal.
2. Hippocrates was a doctor:
Hippocrates was a Greek doctor who maintained that there were 4 humors in the human body.
3. Endomorphs are:
W. Sheldon points out in his physiological classification: Ectomorphic or cerebrotomic, mesomorphic or somatotonic, endomorphic or viscerotonic.

4. Schizophrenic is the maladjusted form of:
Krestchmer, in his psychological classification, indicates that when a schizothymic person reaches a mental disorder, he becomes schizophrenic.
5. Point out the characteristic of the introvert
A) They attend to the outside world.
B) They are bold and communicative.
C) They are observant and expressive.
D) They are oriented to their own conscience.
E) They live the surrounding world.
It is characteristic of the introvert to predominate towards himself, he directs his attention and his energy towards his own conscience and the claims of intimacy, he concentrates his vital tone on his own Self.
6. The first to outline an objective classification of human types:
A) E. Spranger
D) W. Sheldon
In the ancient and classical typologies we find Hippocrates who classified human types, later Roman physician Galen endorsed this classification.
7. S. Freud speaks of the Ego as:
B) The deep forces of consciousness
D) The center of personality
Sigmund Freud in his psychoanalytic work considers the self as the center of the personality and is precisely the reality of consciousness itself.
8. Relate the correct thing:
D) Pleasure principle- Ego
E) Reality principle – I
Psychoanalysis divides the structure of the personality into strata and into three basic instances in the psychic apparatus Id, Ego, Super Ego, describing its functioning.
9. Indicate the typology that corresponds to Kretschmer:
B) Picnic – cyclothymic
C) Cerebrotonic – reserved
D) Theoretical – search for the truth
E) Black-melancholic bile
Krestchmer classifies its typology into: Pycnic – cyclothymic, leptosomal schizothymic, Athletic – Viscous.
10. Which of the names indicated is identified with the psychobiological theory?
A) J. Moreno
D) W. Sheldon
In personality theories we have psychobiological ones that insist on the bodily and functional dimensions of man, within it we have the classification of W Sheldon and HJ Eysenck.
11. Mark the correct phobia:
A) Zoophobia – foreigners
B) Ludophobia-animals
C) Claustrophobia–open spaces
D) Autophobia – being alone
E) Gynecphobia – of marriage
The reaction in which the object is rejected and scared away is called a phobia. In the proposed alternatives, the only correct relationship is the one indicated in the answer.
12. Schizophrenia belongs to:
A) Psychosis
D) Neurosis
According to the universal classification of mental illnesses, psychosis can be organic and functional and within these is schizophrenia.
13. State the characteristic of abnormal personality.
A) Unable to adapt to the social environment.
B) Stable in their affective reactions.
C) Their judgments and opinions are in accordance with reality.
D) Appreciate the value of things.
E) He is coherent in his conversation.
Within the characteristics of abnormal personality and according to the alternatives proposed, (A) is the one that corresponds to abnormal personality.
14. The source where the energy that energizes the personality is called:
E) Death instinct
In the psychic apparatus, the basic instances are It, I. Super Self and it is in the Id where it contains the Instincts, which is why it becomes the maximum source of psychic energy.
15. The ethical part of personality occurs in:
E) Id
In the basic instances of the personality, the Super Ego contains the values, ideals and traditions that have been transmitted from parents to children.
16. Sigmund Freud is one of the most eminent figures of the period:
The presence of S. Freud and his work in the discovery of the unconscious developed from the 1900s onwards, which corresponds to the contemporary stage.
17. The methods that allow the subject to adapt to reality in the face of problems and difficulties are called:
C) Analysis of dreams
E) Extraconsciousness
Defense mechanisms are the procedures that we use to adapt our Personality to the various situations of tension and frustration that the person suffers.
18. The pycnic, leptosomal and athletic type belong to the typology of:
Krestchmer establishes its classification in morphological type as Picnic, Leptosomal and Athletic.
19. The classification systems of individuals according to models are called:
As the Differential Psychology of Personality could not study each man in particular, the typology emerged that groups together a category of individuals who, despite individual differences, possess certain common characteristics.
20. Defense mechanism where cognitive processes come into play:
E) Regression
Defense mechanisms are divided into rational, affective, volitional and moral nature and it is the rational nature that brings into play the cognitive processes that include the mechanisms of rationalization, fixation or obsession, idealization or sublimation.