Meaning of Zapatismo (What it is, Concept and Definition)

What is Zapatismo:

It is known by the name of Zapatismo. armed movement that demanded agrarian demands for peasants, led by Emiliano Zapata, at the beginning of the 20th century, whose activity was recorded during and after the Mexican Revolution.

Emiliano Zapata He was a leader of the Mexican revolution who led the Southern Liberation Army. His political ideals are collected in the Ayala Plan1911. One of the main issues defended by Zapata was related to the vindication of land rights and their restitution to the country’s peasant classes.

See also Insurgent.

Zapatismo, as well as other movements typical of the revolution, such as villismof Pancho Villaare a reaction to a set of situations of injustice suffered by the peasantry, subjected to the dynamics of caciquismo and latifundismo that worsened in Mexican rural society during the mandate of General Porfirio Díaz.

See also Porfiriato.

The murder of Emiliano Zapata, in 1919, as a consequence of his critical and irreverent stance towards the government of Venustiano Carranza, led to him becoming a symbol of the revolutionary movement and peasant struggles to this day.

See also Mexican Revolution.


Neo-Zapatismo, which emerged at the end of the 20th century, is a consequence of the Zapatista movement during the years of the Mexican revolution. This new movement, which emerged to the world in 1994, in the state of Chiapas, in response to the entry into force of the Free Trade Agreement, signed by Mexico with the United States and Canada, is inspired by the agrarian ideals of Emiliano Zapata, with influences from other Western ideologies, such as Marxism-Leninism and anarchism.

Neo-Zapatismo is promulgated by members of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN). Its spokesman is Subcomandante Marcos, also known as Subcomandante Galeano. Its military structure is guerrilla. Among its objectives stands out the social demand regarding the rights of indigenous people and peasants. It has an anti-capitalist, anti-neoliberalist and anti-imperialist stance. Its objective is the seizure of power in Mexico to found a socialist republic.

See also Guerrilla.

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