Meaning of Values ​​of Democracy (What they are, Concept and Definition)

What are Values ​​of democracy:

The values ​​of democracy are those qualities that must be put into practice within each social group to establish and maintain order, progress and good relationship between individuals.

Democracy is both a form of government and social organization through which the people, through special participation mechanisms, have the task of making political decisions that respond to the will and needs of the community.

Therefore, the values ​​of democracy They are a set of ethical and social values based on a series of beliefs, behaviors, methods, ideas and political understanding.

Likewise, the principles of democracy promote its values, the recognition of a constitution, human dignity, freedom of thought and expression, equality of rights and duties, the limitation and control of power, among others.

Democracy is a system of government that is based on principle of representation and coexistence of the citizens of a nation.

These values, as can be seen, have been restructured over time in order of importance and according to the needs of each era. That is, they are values ​​that are adjusted over time in order to adapt to new needs and social changes.

The values ​​of democracy are part of the basis of society and its continued functioning. Through these values, alternatives are sought that promote development and citizen participation, but limiting authoritarianism.

Among the values ​​of democracy we can mention freedom, justice, fraternity, equality, participation, pluralism, tolerance, solidarity, respect, dialogue, among others.

See also Democracy.

Most important values ​​of democracy

The values ​​of democracy seek to highlight the qualities of individuals and societies. These values, along with others, make up the life projects that citizens together wish to achieve from a system of sovereignty.


Freedom is the right that all living beings have as a result of having a full life to develop ideas and projects, achieve goals, practice a faith, among others, without negatively affecting those around us.

In democracy, freedom is reflected in the possibility of expressing opinions and criticism, of being part of a political party, of exercising the right to vote, of starting a family, of studying, of being free to choose the best life option among diversity.


In democracy, fraternity is encouraged as part of human relationships, all citizens have the same value of importance and have the same duties and rights before the law.

Fraternity in democracy invites sharing opinions and beliefs without devaluing others. The different interests or opinions that people have should not be a reason for confrontation, on the contrary, they should generate new and better democratic proposals.


It refers to the legal and political equality that citizens have. All members of society, regardless of social class, academic level, sex, religion or political tendency, are equal before the law.

Equality is reflected through voting. All people can exercise the right to vote because its political and sovereign value is equal for all citizens.


Pluralism is a value that invites us to accept differences and take advantage of the best proposals. It is a way to recognize and respect diversity in all aspects of the human being.

However, pluralism is not contradictory to equality, both are important democratic values. Pluralism invites us to recognize the multiple realities and complexity of society. It is part of freedom and fraternity.


Participation is a very important value that has been promoted in the new trends of participatory democracy, this has to do with how difficult it is sometimes for people to participate in political activities or public affairs, either due to lack of time or disinterest.

Citizen participation is of utmost importance, especially in a democratic government system in which it is the citizens who elect their political representatives.

For this reason, modern democracies seek to be representative, that is, for politicians to express the concerns and needs of the people before government entities, in order to make the voice of the people heard.


Through dialogue, other values ​​such as respect and tolerance can be applied. Dialogue involves knowing how to listen and express opinions or suggestions about a matter of common interest.

Dialogue also involves exposing a series of arguments and taking a democratic stance with which agreements can be reached that benefit the parties involved beyond differences.

See also:

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