Meaning of Nazism (What it is, Concept and Definition)

What is Nazism:

Nazism, also known as National Socialismwas called the political and social movement that governed Germany between 1933 and 1945.

It was characterized as a fascist-type ideology, which exalted the supremacy of the Aryan race, promoted the imperial expansion of Germany, and promoted feelings of anti-Semitism. Its main symbol was the swastika cross.

The word, as such, comes from German Nazismuswhich is a shortening of Nationalsozialismus or, in Spanish, ‘national socialism’.

Nazism was a totalitarian ideology that gave central importance to the role of the State, which controlled all orders of life, and which was represented in the leadership of a supreme leader, whose mission was to lead the people towards their economic prosperity and social happiness.

Nazism was institutionalized by National Socialist German Workers Party. As such, he came to power in 1933, led by his main political leader, Adolf Hitler.

The period during which he ruled was known as the Third Reichin allusion to the third great German empire (Reich means empire in German). His main ideological text was Mein Kampf (My Battle), authored by Hitler himself.

The consequences of Nazism were the Second World Warwhich generated millions of innocent victims around the world, the genocide of the Jewish people in concentration camps (an event also known as the Holocaust), in addition to the destruction of Germany by the Allied forces, and its division for more than four decades.

See also:

Nazism and fascism

He Nazism is an expression of fascism that ruled Germany between 1933 and 1945. In this sense, both fascism and Nazism were regimes with a strongly dictatorial nature, which annulled all types of political opposition and were characterized by concentrating all power in the hands of a supreme leader of great charisma. .

They were considered a third alternative to liberal democracies, which had led the world to a severe economic crisis, and to communist regimes. They had effective propaganda devices and a strong racist component.

In the German case, Nazism was characterized by exalting the Aryan race to the detriment of other races and by marked anti-Semitism.

However, it came to an end with the end of the Second World War in 1945, while fascist political systems continued to govern in countries such as Portugal and Spain until the 1970s, and in Latin America well into the 1980s. of the 20th century.

See also Fascism.


As Nazi What belongs to or is related to Nazism is called, as well as any supporter of Nazi ideology. In this sense, a Nazi is a person who identifies with or is an active militant of Nazi ideas, such as fascism, anti-Semitism, the supremacy of the Aryan race, and German imperial expansion.

The term acquired, in light of the crimes committed in the name of this ideology, a pejorative nuance to refer to anyone who expresses ideas of racism or anti-Semitism.

Likewise, today those supporters of this ideology who seek to reinvigorate it in the current scenario are called neo-Nazis.

See also Antisemitism.

How to cite: Coelho, Fabián (05/27/2019). “Meaning of Nazism.” In: Available in: https:///nazismo/ Consulted: