Meaning of Corruption

What is Corruption:

Corruption is the action and effect of corrupting, that is, it is the process of deliberately breaking the order of the system, both ethically and functionally, for personal benefit. In addition to the corrupt person committing an illegal action, he or she also pressures or forces others to commit such acts.

The word corruption comes from Latin corruptionwhich is formed from the words with, which means ‘together’, rumperewhich means ‘to break’ and the suffix -iowhich means action and effect.

Corruption is usually related in the popular imagination to the world of politics and illicit enrichment, that is, to money, but not only to that. Corruption applies to many instances. Therefore, there is political corruption, economic corruption, sexual corruption, etc. This is because the two great exchange factors that mobilize corruption tend to be money, power and sex.

In one way or another, corruption is usually framed in power relations between subjects, whether on a micro or macro scale, whether private or public.

Power relations are not limited to the world of politics. All social areas where hierarchies and/or resources exist, such as businesses, companies, public entities, educational centers or religious meeting centers, can be the occasion for acts of corruption.

This means that there can be corruption both at the level of big politics and at the small primary school, as long as there is someone who controls the situation of power or who intends to control it.

See also: Antivalues ​​and Lobby.

Forms or types of corruption

In each country, the law clearly classifies the forms of corruption and establishes specific penalties for each one according to the degree. Even so, there may be other forms of corruption that are not contemplated in it, but that are considered forms of corruption according to the ethical system of a certain worldview.

Among the forms of corruption normally defined in legal documents, we have:

Bribery: offer money in exchange for some benefit, such as avoiding a fine, obtaining a grade on an exam, obtaining a tender, etc.
Resource diversion: It consists of diverting a part of the resources allocated for a project of common interest to personal purposes.
Illicit or hidden enrichment: sudden enrichment through the theft of other people’s resources, especially public ones.
Abuse of power: taking advantage of the eventual power situation that a role offers to obtain a benefit from someone.
Abuse of functions: taking advantage of one’s position and authority to commit abusive acts.
Influence peddling: use personal relationships, close or not, to obtain benefits.
Collusion: make an agreement with a third party to take advantage of a certain situation.
Conspiracy to commit corruption crimes: refers to a meeting of accomplices for the planning and organization of corruption crimes.
Obstruction of justice: oppose the due process of investigation by justice entities to protect oneself or others.
Nepotism: appointment of family members in political positions.
Illegal use of confidential or false information: Manipulation of information for personal gain.

Other forms of corruption can be:

Buy pirated merchandise; Steal public services; Use the savings or unemployment benefits in matters other than those stipulated; Evade taxes, etc.