Meaning of Caudillismo (What it is, Concept and Definition)

What is Caudillism:

As caudillismo it is called regime or government presided over by a leader. Caudilloism was also a historical period of Latin America that extended throughout the 19th centuryafter the independence of Spain from the new sovereign nations.

Caudilloism is a social political phenomenon that is associated with the emergence of charismatic leadersmen of arms, with strong personalities, great oratory skills and popularity among the masses, who rose to power through force, through coups d’état, revolutions, armed uprisings, etc., and to whom the ability was attributed to solve the nation’s problems.

See also Caudillo.

The cause why caudillism appears is, mainly, due to the absence of political consensus that followed the emancipation of the new nations from the Spanish metropolis. This gave rise to a political dynamic marked by institutional instability and political immaturity that led to internal power struggles and a constant process of political reorganization around the strongest figures.

Caudilloism brought consequencein addition to notable political and institutional instability, the emergence of fierce dictatorships and repressions on opposing sides of the political spectrum.

See also Dictatorship.

Likewise, the leader’s constant need to leave his mark on history leads him to impose his personality, discrediting the work of previous governments and trying to reorder the State as he pleases.

During the 19th century, practically All Latin American countries suffered caudillismos: Mexico had half a century of caudillo rule, Chile in its republican beginnings, Peru suffered several caudillo-style governments, as did Argentina, Colombia, Paraguay or Venezuela. In some countries, it even extended until the 20th century and in others it has reappeared at the dawn of the 21st century.

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