Meaning of Addiction (What it is, Concept and Definition)

What is Addiction:

Addiction is the persistent and compulsive dependence on a substance or behavior.

The addiction it is characterized by denial, due to lack of control in use or behavior, relapse in use or behavior despite knowing the negative consequences it entails, and distortions of thought regarding addiction in periodic or continuous episodes .

Addictions are genetic, psychosocial or environmental natureand directly affect development progressively, becoming fatal in severe cases or where there has been no access to adequate treatment.

Types of additions

Addictions are classified into behavioral or process addictions, and ingestion or substance addictions.

Behavioral or process addictions They are compulsive dependencies towards a type of situation or behavior such as, for example:

Gambling addiction or gambling addictionSex addiction or hypersexualityAddiction to relationships, codependency or romancesWork addictionAddiction to religions or sectsInternet addiction: associated with nomophobia (fear of being left without a mobile device) and FOMO ( fear of missing out). Video game addiction

See also:

Ingestion or substance addictions They are dependencies on chemicals or food. Chemical ingestion addictions include:

Alcohol addiction or alcoholismDrug addiction or drug addiction (cocaine, heroin, opium, crack, etc.)Tobacco addiction or smokingAddiction to sedative-hypnotics

See also:

Within the food addictions There are associated disorders such as compulsive eating, bulimia and anorexia nervosa.

See also:

Symptoms of addiction

The symptoms of addiction also depend on the personality of the addict. Symptoms occur in all types of addictions jointly or selectively, with different intensities that vary over time and with the progress or retreat of the addiction. Some of them are:

Use or behavior in compulsive episodes causing lack of control. Decrease or damage in the quality of life due to the negative consequences caused by the addiction. Continuation in the use or behavior despite knowing the negative consequences or damage caused. Denial and self-deception. Euphoric memory of the addict is the selective memory of pleasant and euphoric moments in the addiction episodes in the past, and the forgetting of the negative consequences and associated suffering. Addictive thinking facilitates the justification of the addiction. Search behavior regardless of the consequences. Automatic desires triggered in situations reminiscent of addictive episodes. Obsession and excessive worry. Emotional freezing resulting from biochemical changes in the brain.

See also Obsession.

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