A mausoleum is a construction that is carried out to maintain and honor the remains of an individual, family group or group of people related to each other for some reason. The word mausoleum originates from the monument that the Persian king Mausolus had built in his name in his honor (the famous Mausoleum of Halicarnassus). Depending on each case, the mausoleum may vary not only in terms of size or dimensions but also in regards to the type of construction, material, design, etc.
One of the main objectives of a mausoleum is to protect and maintain the remains of a deceased human being in good condition. In this way, a space of great tranquility and silence is established within him where the remains (cremated or not) of the person are placed for his eternal rest. The mausoleum can be built as an independent building from others or be integrated into a church or a larger building. For many, the mausoleum is a kind of tomb since it is a different representation of the possibilities we have to protect and rest our loved ones.
Depending on those who are sought to honor, the mausoleums can be more or less spectacular. In this sense, this type of construction is very characteristic of royalty and the wealthiest sectors of society who prefer to be kept separately from the rest, not only to demonstrate the power they had in life, but also to establish their lineage and importance. . Today, many modern cemeteries have sections dedicated especially to important family mausoleums in which numerous members are placed together over time.
Among the most important mausoleums in the world we can mention the Egyptian pyramids, the Taj Mahal in India, the Chinese pyramids, the Mao Zedong (or Mao Tse-Tung) mausoleum in China, the Lenin mausoleum in Russia, the mausoleum of Abraham Lincoln in North America and that of Manuel Belgrano in Argentina, among others.