The term geological is used to refer to everything that is linked or proper to geology. Such is the case of a geological era, the geological study of an area, the geological time in which such a phenomenon took place, among others.
Meanwhile, the geology is that one science that deals with analyzing the inner and outer shape of the planet earth. In other words, geology is concerned with the study of those materials that make up the planet and the mechanism in which they are formed. On the other hand, it also deals with the alterations that the aforementioned materials have suffered since their origins and the current situation in which they find themselves.
Within geology it is possible to distinguish different sub-branches or sub-disciplines that deal with and focus on different issues, each very specific: the structural geology (studies the structures of the earth’s crust, analyzing the relationship established between the different rocks that make it up), historical geology (It focuses on the transformations that the earth has undergone, from its birth to the present day. With the aim of speeding up the analysis, geologists, who are professionals registered in this science, have determined divisions in that passing and that is how it is that we meet the eras, ages and periods), economic geology (studies those rocks that have mineral wealth to be later exploited by man. Once geology has found the deposits, mining is ready to begin its work).
Other branches linked to Geology are: seismology (He deals with the study of earthquakes and the propagation of seismic waves), volcanology (studies volcanic eruptions and tries to predict them) and the astro geology (applies geological discoveries and techniques to celestial bodies such as planets, asteroids, and comets).