Empirical Definition

That which is based on and associated with experience and practice

We use the word empirical extensively in our language as an adjective to describe what is based on and associated with experience, practice, and observation of events.

Empirical knowledge comes from experience

Normally we use this word associated with knowledge, because empirical knowledge will imply direct contact with reality, that achieved through experience. Everything that a person knows, knows, without having scientific knowledge is empirical knowledge. We know that an ice cube on the skin will cause a cold stroke because it was felt and the same thing happens with fire, for example, we know that being close to it produces great heat, because we have felt it…

Empiricism, philosophical current that proposes that knowledge arises from each one’s own experience and nothing else

It is also designated with the term empirical to everything proper or relative to Empiricism. Meanwhile, Empiricism refers to that philosophical system or current that proposes that knowledge arises from each one’s own experience and from nothing else.. For example, the follower of this proposal will be called empirical.

Preeminence of experience and the senses

At the request of Philosophy, the philosophical theory of empiricism assumes the supremacy of experience and perception produced by the senses in regard to knowledge and formation of ideas and concepts..

According to empiricism For knowledge to be considered valid, it must first be tested by experience, this being then the basis of knowledge..

The observation of the world will then be the method that this theory of knowledge will use par excellence, leaving then reasoning, revelation and intuition, subject to what experience says in the first instance.

It arose in the 17th century at the hands of the English thinker John Locke.

Empiricism emerged in the seventeenth century and directly linked sensory perception with the formation of knowledge. In this sense, knowledge that is not approved by experience cannot be admitted as true by empiricism. The basis of empirical knowledge is experience.

The English thinker John Locke is considered the father of empiricism. , since he was the first to support it and expose it explicitly to the entire world. Locke, who exercised a very important influence thanks to his ideas during the 17th century, argued that newborns are born without any kind of idea or innate knowledge and that then, it will be the different experiences that they face in their development that will leave marks on it and they will shape their knowledge. According to Locke, nothing could be understood without experience.. For him, the conscience of the human being is empty until he is born and it is filled with knowledge resulting from the experience that is gathered.

Rationalism, its counterpart

Opposite and in clear opposition to the Empiricism that Locke made grow, is the rationalismwhich maintains, quite to the contrary, that it is reason the product of knowledge and not the senses, much less the experience.

Rationalism, a contemporary philosophical current to Empiricism, also developed in Europe in the 17th century, with René Descartes being its fundamental ideologue. For Rationalism, the only source of knowledge is reason and therefore it rejects any intervention of the senses because it considers that they are capable of deceiving us.
It also refutes Locke with regard to innate knowledge, considering that these exist, that we are born with knowledge, we just have to remember them as we develop.