Definition of Urban and Rural Zone

1. Urban and rural areas are political-administrative names used to describe the geographic divisions present in a municipality based on a set of attributes described in the legislation.

2.A. Urban Zone, or city, is an area that has a large and concentrated population contingent, characterized by buildings very close to each other, modern infrastructure, and extensive commercial and industrial activity.

2.B. Rural zones, or countryside, is an area with landscapes linked to nature, sparsely inhabited in comparison to its territorial extension, marked by the exercise of activities of the primary sector, especially agriculture and livestock.

Grammatical category: noun fem. / *Adjective (when the term zone is not preceded).
in syllables: zo-na+ur-ba-na+Ru-ral.

Urban and Rural Zone

One way of classifying geographic space is to differentiate between two areas, urban and rural. As is logical, urban areas refer to the idea of ​​a city or city, while the rural term refers to life in the countryside.

Urban zone

Although there is no single type of city, it is possible to establish some features common to all urban areas or spaces. For a town to be officially considered a city, it must exceed a certain number of inhabitants (for example, in Spain population centers with more than 10,000 inhabitants are considered a city, while in France the figure is 2,000 inhabitants).

From a morphological point of view, a city is an agglomeration of buildings with different purposes. Functionally, a city is a population center in which all kinds of large-scale activities take place (those typical of the industrial sector, the secondary sector and those of the service sector). In terms of space, a city is a nucleus with different interconnected areas (commercial, leisure, administrative areas…).

Sociologically, specifically urban ways of life develop in cities, with great social diversity, with more anonymous personal relationships and more specialized jobs.

Rural zone

When 10,000 years ago human beings began to cultivate the Earth selectively, hunting was abandoned as a way of life and a process of sedentary lifestyle began in permanent settlements or rural areas.

Rural space does not present the same characteristics in all territories. However, there are certain common features:

1) agricultural, livestock and forestry economic activities are carried out,

2) they are small population centers with generally limited public services,

3) in these territories their inhabitants live in dispersed nuclei and with a low population density and

4) individuals maintain closer social ties than in the urban environment (in the countryside all the inhabitants know each other, while in the city anonymity is maintained).

The world population is mostly urban

Currently, more than half of the planet’s inhabitants live in cities. It is estimated that by 2050 two out of three people will live in a city. The gradual decline in the rural population is due to two main reasons:

1) life in the countryside is not economically viable for large sectors of the population and

2) the rural environment offers fewer services than the urban environment in some aspects, especially in training, health or leisure-related matters.

Photos: Fotolia – petr84 / relif

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