Definition of Typology

Classification into types used to instances of various scopes

Typology is the study or classification into different existing types that is carried out in any discipline. The types are specimens that possess the typical features of a species or a genus that they represent.
Then, the focus of study of the typology will be the classes, the differences that can be marked and identified in the most basic forms of a model. As a consequence of this task, typology is widely used in systematic studies carried out in various fields to precisely determine the categories.

Most of the fields of science demand a categorization methodology, to print order and organization.

As we have already pointed out, this study or classification is widely used in various disciplines, below we will mention some of them and how it is effectively applied.

Use in linguistics, anthropology, graphic arts, architecture, archeology, and psychology

For example, the linguistic typology compares the various languages ​​taking into account their main grammatical features to classify them and thus establish the different relationships that exist between them.
Then, we find the archaeological typology or lithic typology, which are the two disciplines that, at the request of archeology, deal with classifying those elements exhumed in situ in archaeological excavations.

By your side, anthropological typologydeals with the division that occurs between the various cultures based pre-eminently on those most distinctive features of the same.
Theology is also another of the disciplines that has its own typology, the theological typology, which deals with the interpretation of some of the most representative characters, stories and omens that appear in the Old Testament.

The graphic arts also use this concept to designate with it the type or shape of the letters that make up a text, for example the type of font that is chosen to edit a text document, Arial, Helvetica, Times New Roman, to name a few. of the most popular.

For its part, in the construction of buildings, homes and any other structure, typology also intervenes, studying the basic types that are part of architecture, for example, in the design of a house, the number of rooms it will have, the number of bathrooms, among others.

In the precise study of our ancestors, typology is also applied and thus it is possible to study various utensils and objects that man knew how to use in the past and that were opportunely found in excavations and missions carried out by archeology. Once found, they are classified and ordered according to the characteristics they present.

AND in psychology, the classification carried out opportunely by the prestigious psychologist Carl Gustav Jung is recurrently used, which is based on archetypes, those ancestral images present in the collective unconscious of humanity. Meanwhile, Jung’s classification is generally accompanied by personality tests or other types of controls to classify those emotional characteristics, thoughts and behaviors of each person.

Ultimately, typology will come into play in those sciences that demand the classification of elements.

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