1. (Feminine noun/ adjective). Economic activity characterized by the cultivation of the soil and the use by man of “plants” for the most diverse purposes, such as cosmetics, clothing, construction (agriculture), and raising animals for slaughter, exploitation or reproduction (livestock). By itself, this sector is responsible for supplying most of the food consumed in the world.
1. (Adjective). It directly or indirectly implies practices inherent to the fields of agriculture and/or livestock.
Etymology: Conjugates the prefix agro-, from agro, by the Latin forms ager, sourreferring to the field in which the land is worked to produce some food, and livestock, from the Latin pecuariuscomposed by pecuswhich refers to ‘cattle’, and the suffix -aria, in Latin -ariusas a relation property.
Grammatical category: Fem. noun/ adjective.
in syllables: a-gro-pe-cua-ria/o.
It is designated by the term agricultural To that human activity that is oriented both to the cultivation of the field and to the raising of animals, that is, that it is closely related to agriculture and livestock. We must emphasize that both activities belong to what is called the primary activity of the economy.
It belongs to the primary activity of the economy
By the way, it is worth clarifying that the primary activities within an economy are those that are associated with the exploitation of natural resources and whose function is precisely the generation of raw materials such as meat and crops, both issues facilitated by agricultural activity, of course.
Contrasting with these are the secondary activities of the economy, which are those associated with industry and the transformation of raw materials. Finally, the tertiary sector is the one corresponding to services and that does not imply manufacturing or artisan work, like the two previous cases, but rather demands mental or intellectual work from its actors, among others we can mention tourism, the development of programs IT, investment, consulting.
Now, having clarified the part of the economy to which agriculture belongs and returning to the concept at hand, we will say that the denomination has been coined from the combination of two other terms: agriculture (cultivation of the land to sow food) and livestock, which somehow turn out to be the main activities that those who carry out this activity display. So, whoever carries out an agricultural activity is because he is dedicated to agriculture or livestock.
What are agriculture and livestock?
Agriculture is the tillage or cultivation of the land and includes all those works related to the treatment of the soil and the planting of vegetables.. To a large extent, agricultural tasks are aimed at producing food and obtaining vegetables, fruits, cereals, vegetables, among others.
And by his side, Livestock, as well as agriculture, is a very, very old economic activity that consists of raising animals for their subsequent use.. According to the livestock species that is worked, different derived products will be obtained: meat, milk, eggs, leather, wool, honey, among others.
The most important cattle are cattle, pigs and sheep, although in some regions, these may be surpassed by goats and horses.
Both activities, agriculture and livestock, are closely linked and feed one another. Cattle provide manure, which is used as fertilizer for pastures and crops and these are used to feed the animals.
Meanwhile, the advances that this activity has presented over the years are largely due to the work that various scientists have done. For example, among them and one of the most important has been Louis Pasteur who is owed the possibility of milk pasteurization so that in this way it can be better preserved; also contributed with his contributions in the pesticide manufacturingdemonstrating the bacterial origin of fermentations and discovering anaerobic bacteria.
Main activity and economic engine in many nations
And we cannot ignore the fact that both constitute today and since time immemorial fundamental economic activities of some nations and that allow the economic development and progress of the countries that practice them.
They also turn out to be activities of essential relevance for the nutritional sustainability of human beings around the world, not only their own, and for this reason some of those responsible for the activity become exporters par excellence.
There are countries like Argentina that have a wide agricultural field to exploit and that turns out to be the main economic activity and the one that contributes to the nation the highest percentage of its Gross Domestic Product (GDP). In the last century, this great preponderance that Argentina had acquired in this sense led to the nickname “barn of the world” being applied to it, which many like to apply to today. Also, this occurs in other neighboring countries to Argentina and in the African continent.