Climate Definition

1. The climate is defined by the atmospheric influence on a set of meteorological conditions (temperature, humidity, pressure, winds, precipitations, etc.) that characterize a certain region of the planet during a long period of time, whose state affects life and local activities. Example: ‘High temperatures and low humidity are characteristic of the climate of the Sahara desert’.

2. Extension of meaning. Sensation transmitted by a situation or place. Examples: A) ‘The house had a cozy atmosphere’. B) ‘The atmosphere is tense among the guests at the party’.

Etymology: By late Latin climatebased on the Greek κλίμα (klima), as ‘inclination’, ‘direction’ with respect to the positioning of the sun, with roots in the verb κλίνειν (klínein), from ’tilt’, and the suffix -μα (-ma), according to the deverbal noun.

Grammatical category: masculine noun
in syllables: climate.


We understand by climate that natural phenomenon that occurs at the atmospheric level and that is characterized by being a conjunction of numerous elements such as temperature, humidity, pressure, rain, wind and others.

Natural phenomenon of the atmosphere that is the result of the interaction of elements such as rain, pressure, humidity, temperature, among others

This sum of atmospheric variables and those that affect a given geographical area is known as climate.

Meanwhile, the variables are considered in an average, that is, taking a certain amount of time that can be fifty years back.

Climatic variations are explained by the presence of various factors such as: distance from Ecuador, proximity to the sea, altitude, rainfall, among others; all these factors interact with each other and determine the specific type of climate of a geographical region.

As a consequence of the importance that the climate presents in economic activity, the human being took care of carefully studying the existing climate in each part of the planet in order to take advantage of the natural conditions offered by each part of the world and establish businesses and businesses there. most favorable activities.

Although the climate is a natural element, it could also be said that its conception is human since all the elements and statistics that compose it are ways that the human being establishes to know those atmospheric phenomena with more or less accessible parameters.

Differences between meteorology and climatology, the disciplines that study the climate

The discipline that deals with the study of climate is called climatology, being the average values ​​its focus of study, for its part, meteorology, is the science that studies and predicts the climate according to the visible elements in numerous types of maps and planetary observation systems, but analyzing current values.

So it is that climatology deals with the long term, trying to find regularities in the values, and the second in the short term, its mission is to make predictions.
However, the variables that are analyzed are the same in both disciplines.

Types of climates

The earth has a great variety of climates that are generated from unique conjunctions of elements such as humidity, temperature, winds, ocean currents, soils, precipitation, and others.

Thus, we can organize the climate into five main types: tropical, dry, temperate, continental and polar.

The tropical climate is one that is found in the areas through which the Equator passes, that is, the north of South America, the center of Africa and Southeast Asia. The dry is found in desert areas such as much of North Africa, the western United States, the Middle East, Australia, and western South America. The polar is the one that is near the poles and that supposes the lowest temperatures of the planet. The temperate and the continental can be found in different parts of the planet and are, perhaps, the most suitable for the life of the human being because they do not present extreme temperatures such as polar cold or excessive heat.

The negative impact on the planet generated by climate change. Consequences and how to help

The climate is a geographical phenomenon that exists throughout the entire planet but that, according to the conditions of each place, varies and presents notorious differences between zone and zone. Due to the high impact of man’s action not only on nature but also on the atmosphere, the climate has changed profoundly in recent centuries, giving rise to what is known today as climate change, which entails severe alterations throughout the world. the planet.

In general, in recent years there has been an increase in temperature as a result of the greenhouse effect that retains energy from the sun.

If we do not start taking care of the planet, treating it with more respect and care, the consequences will be disastrous for the continuity of life on it.

Adverse effects include: the potential for solid-state freshwater reservoirs, such as the poles, to melt; the rise in sea level that can lead to the flooding of coastal cities; increased rainfall and therefore flooding; extinction of species and ecosystems, among the most serious.

Beyond the policies that a government can implement to improve the quality of life on the planet, each one of us can collaborate with small daily actions that together will be enormous, for example, avoiding the indiscriminate use of cars and opting for the use of transport public or bicycle, the authentic green transport.

In this way we will be contributing to the reduction of carbon dioxide production.