Cell biology – Meanings

What is cell biology

Cell biology is science that studies cells: its properties, characteristics, evolution, life cycle and interaction with its environment. Cell biology is also known as cellular biochemistry.

The studies of cell biology derive from previous disciplines such as cytology (branch of biology that studies cells) and histology (discipline that studies organic tissues).

Studies in relation to cell biology are relatively recent and focus on the idea that the cell is the fundamental unit of life, therefore it is important to know in depth what cellular processes are and how they are carried out.

In this sense, cell biology studies the functioning of cellular systems and how they are structuredhence it is a multidisciplinary area of ​​study in which, especially, both cell biology and molecular biology are related.

Cellular biology also studies the organisms that reside in cells such as proviruses, viruses, bacteria, etc., which at the same time also contain DNA from current infections and from our ancestors, helping to find cures for diseases.

It is even theoretically believed that through the knowledge of a cell that contains the complete genome, a complete organism could be created.

You may also be interested in Histology.

Function of cell biology

The subjects studied in cell biology are broad and there is no clear limit of study of the branches of biology. Some of the subjects that are part of cell biology are:

Visualization of the cell Structure of the cell membrane Transport across cell membranes Cell signaling Cell compartmentalization Cycle and mechanics of cell division Cell death Unions and adhesions between cells and the extracellular matrix Cellular mechanisms of development

See also Cell.

Difference between cell biology and molecular biology

Cell biology is a branch of specialization closely linked to molecular biology. The difference between molecular biology and cellular biology lies in the focus of their study.

Molecular biology specifically studies the functions of molecular structure, especially in relation to genetic material (DNA and RNA).

See also Biology, Branches of biology.

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