10 examples of Gothic architecture –

The Gothic architecture is synonymous with medieval architecture, and was applied in churches and cathedrals. Gothic architecture was an architecture for the Divinity that wanted to reach heaven and through its gargoyles and monster statues scare away the demons.
Aesthetically ornate and conceptually transcendent, the Gothic style it has become one of the most distinctive architectural movements in the world. Though originating in the Middle Ages, the one-of-a-kind genre continues to captivate today, as evident in some of Europe’s most beautiful buildings.
Although the approach gothic style It seems to be a novel form of architecture, its characteristic style having been shaped by different influences. Here, we explore the genre, taking a closer look at its rich history, defining characteristics, and the best-known examples.

What is gothic architecture?

The Gothic architecture It is a European style of architecture that values ​​height and exhibits an intricate and highly detailed aesthetic. Although its roots are French, the gothic approach it can be found in churches, cathedrals and other similar buildings in almost all of Europe and beyond.
One of the most significant architectural movements in Europe that took shape during the Middle Ages, the gothic style of building notable for their pointed arches, flying buttresses, ribbed vaults, cavernous interiors, stained glass windows, they were most commonly quite tall structures.
The characteristics of the Gothic architecture evolved from the Romanesque genre, retaining many of the elements, such as arches and vaulted ceilings, but in a more exaggerated form: round arches, for example, were replaced by thin, pointed arches, most likely influenced by the islamic architecture. However, the massive columns and thick walls of the Romanesque era were discarded in favor of slender columns and thinner walls, with the main intention of building up to the sky.

10 examples of gothic architecture

1) The Cathedral of Milan (Italy)

The roofline of the Duomo di Milano is best known for its classic Gothic design of spires, pinnacles, gargoyles, and more than 3,400 statues. The most famous of all the statues is the Virgen del Oro which stands taller than the rest of the statues and can be seen from the terrace at the top of the cathedral.

2) The Cathedral of Rouen (France)

One of the best examples of Gothic architecture in France is the Rouen Cathedral, which was completed in the 12th century in the early Gothic style. Over the years, many parts have been added, damaged, remodeled, and changed.
You can admire the impressive Gothic architecture on display in the massive and intricate interior, with its vaulted ceilings once the highest in the world.

3) The Basilica of Saint-Denis, Paris

Considered one of the oldest Gothic buildings in the world, the Basilica of Saint-Denis was built over the tomb of Saint Denis, a bishop of Paris who died in AD 250. Designed by Abbot Suger, the church was completed in stages, beginning with the choir in 1144 and finally finished in the 13th century. From the 7th century to the 19th century, 43 kings and 32 queens were buried in the church.

4) Notre-Dame, Paris

One of the most iconic cathedrals in the world, Notre-Dame de Paris is also one of the earliest Gothic structures with its construction beginning in 1163. Completed in 1345, the basic structure underwent several alterations and also suffered desecration during the French Revolution. Although the cathedral was restored in the 19th century, it was damaged again during World War II. A devastating fire tore through the structure in April 2019, destroying its roof and impacting the stability of the stone structure. The cost of restoration is expected to be in the billions of dollars; however, 3D scans of the Gothic structure by the late architect Andrew Tallon are expected to aid in Notre-Dame’s full restoration.

5) Chartres Cathedral, Chartres, France

Located about 80 km southwest of Paris, Chartres Cathedral, also known as the Cathedral of Our Lady of Chartres, was built in the 12th and 13th centuries and is in a very well-preserved state, from its wide nave and its fine sculptures to their original stained glass windows. A major pilgrimage site dedicated to the Virgin Mary, as well as a popular tourist destination, Chartres Cathedral is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

6) Notre-Dame de Reims, Reims, France

Also known as Reims Cathedral, Notre-Dame de Reims was the place where the kings of France were once crowned. Declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, this Gothic-style cathedral was built in the 13th century. With over a million visitors each year, Reims Cathedral is certainly a popular destination. One of the most ornate structures in the Gothic style, the cathedral features more than 2,300 statues in addition to beautiful buttresses, arches, decorative figures, and tabernacles.

7) Canterbury Cathedral, Kent, England

The seat of the Archbishop of Canterbury, the head of the Church of England, Canterbury Cathedral is the Mother Church of the worldwide Anglican Communion and has a history dating back 14 centuries. Completely rebuilt in 1070-1077, the cathedral was also the scene of the dramatic assassination of Thomas Beckett by order of Henry II in 1170. A fire in the 12th century led to the rebuilding of the east end in the style of English Gothic architecture.

8) Palace of Westminster, London

The seat of political power in Britain, the Palace of Westminster houses the British Parliament and represents one of the earliest examples of Gothic Revival architecture in the country. Designed by architect Charles Barry after a fire destroyed the previous structure, the building was built between 1840 and 1876.

9) St. Mary’s Cathedral, Sydney

The Gothic Revival took this style of architecture beyond Europe to Australia. One of the most beautiful cathedrals in the country, St. Mary’s is an English-style Gothic building that was built over several decades. The foundation stone for the first chapel was laid in 1821, and the chapel was elevated to a cathedral in 1835. Thirty years later, the building was destroyed by fire. The foundation stone for the current cathedral was laid in 1868 and it opened, in its as yet unfinished state, in 1882. Although the original design included spires, these were installed only 135 years later, in 2000.

10) Barcelona Cathedral

Construction began in the 13th century on the foundations of a Romanesque church. This, in turn, had been built on top of a Visigothic church that had previously been an early Christian church. The works of the Cathedral of Barcelona lasted 150 years. It is part of the Catalan Gothic. It consists of three naves with a single apse. The buttresses allow its division into a central space and several secondary chapels. It has large windows, side valleys and two large bell towers.