The dormant volcanoes They are those that have not presented any type of activity for periods of time of hundreds or billions of years.
Also, they are one of the geological structures most striking of the land.
Main examples of dormant volcanoes
then ten examples of dormant volcanoes in the world.
1. Gagxanul volcano
Located in Guatemala, in Central America, it is also known as the Santa María volcano. It is considered an inactive volcano since it has not been active for a century.
Its origin is associated with the subduction of the Cocos plate below the Caribbean plate, which is why it is part of the volcanic arc of central america.
Check in occasionally seismic activityso scientists keep it under constant monitoring.
Its last eruption was in 1902, being the third most devastating of the 20th century, expelling large amounts of pumice and ash.
Around a thousand people died in this eruption, also causing great material losses.
2. Yellowstone Caldera
Located in the state of Wyoming in the United States of America, it is currently considered a tourist attraction, as well as one of the most dangerous volcanoes in the world.
Its last eruption is estimated to have occurred approximately six hundred million years ago, spewing columns of ash and pyroclastic material at great distances.
It has an extension of 55 by 70 square kilometers. Registering variations in its height in some parts.
In the adjacent areas, as well as in the caldera, fumaroles, water geysers and mud can be observed, in addition to constant seismic activity.
3. Campi Flegrei volcano
Located in Italy, on the European continent, it is the largest volcanic structure on this continent.
It erupted for the last time in the year 1538, from which another volcano known as Monte Nuovo was formed.
The caldera of this volcano was created approximately 39,000 years ago; its last eruption is related by scientists to the extension of the Homo Neanderthal.
4. Xitle Volcano
Located in Mexico, specifically in the Cumbres del Ajusco National Park. It is estimated that it erupted in the year 4000 BC
This volcano is part of the Chichinautzin field, together with more than 200 small volcanoes.
It is estimated that its eruption was the cause that the town of Cuicuilco was abandoned.
Today it is an inactive structure that attracts hundreds of tourists from various parts of the world.
5. Mount Fuji
Located in Japan, it is one of the main tourist attractions in this country. It has a height of more than 3,500 meters.
Its last eruption was in 1707, which is why it is considered an inactive volcano.
Adored since ancient times, its most important tourist activity is mountaineering, however, also visiting temples, built in the 18th century.
6. Kilimanjaro volcano
Located in the National Park of Tanzania, in Africa, it is a stratovolcano that keeps snow on its top.
It has an altitude of 5,800 meters above sea level, being one of the highest volcanoes in the world.
It was declared a World Heritage Site by the Unesco in the year 1987.
It is a tourist attraction for experienced mountaineers, due to the difficulty in reaching the top.
Although it is considered an inactive volcano, melting processes, as well as evidence of activity in some fumaroles, make researchers keep it constantly monitored.
7. Diamond Head
It is a dormant Hawaiian volcano. Its last eruption was 150,000 years ago.
It consists almost entirely of volcanic tuff. It has a height of two hundred meters above sea level.
According to dating, it is estimated that it was formed approximately five hundred thousand years ago.
This volcano is a major tourist attraction on these islands. Having several uses during since the time of colonization.
It was used as a lighthouse, a military base and is currently a state monument.
He is also known for recording a film in 1963 with great public acceptance.
8. Snow-capped volcano of Toluca
Located in the state of Mexico, it is also called Xinantécatl, it has a height of 4,600 meters.
His name means Naked Man. This volcano is considered a sacred mountain by the inhabitants.
In its crater, as well as in the surroundings, archaeological pieces from pre-Columbian civilizations such as resins, wood, basketry and ceramic pieces have been found.
This volcano is located within a protected area, both for its archaeological wealth and for the diversity of flora and fauna, being a place of great natural beauty.
The trails, pine forests and fauna such as squirrels, different types of rodents and birds stand out.
9. Hallasan Volcano
It’s a dormant shield volcano located on the Korean peninsula.
The last eruptions occurred during the Pleistocene period of the Quaternary epoch, approximately six thousand years ago.
These eruptions left the volcano with a plateau-like shape that has a circumference of 100 meters in depth.
Around 300 secondary cones are located, its last recorded eruption being in the 11th century AD.
Due to its beauty, its geological importance and its exuberant biodiversity, UNESCO declared it a world heritage site.
10. Ojos del Salado Snowy Volcano
It is a stratovolcano located in the Andes mountain range, between Chile and Argentina. It is considered the highest volcano in the world, with a height of 6,800 meters.
During its active phase, it expels a large amount of pyroclastic material and lava that helped form the structure that is observed today.
It is part of the Pacific ring of fire. It also stands out because its summit is covered with snow during the winter.
At its summit there are craters that overlap a caldera, of more than fifty square kilometers.
Scientists estimate an age of one hundred million years. Its formation is associated with consecutive explosions of lava flows and pyroclastic material.