The reaction of one substancemolecular changes and the oxidationare some examples of chemical properties Of the mattery. Therefore, it is the ability of an element to transform in the presence of external agents or reagents.
Likewise, when reacting on another substance, the elements in question change their property directly proportional to the experimental action.
Examples of chemical properties of matter
One of the examples of the chemical properties of subject is the reactivityprocess by which one substance reacts in effect of another.
For example, him lithium by reacting on it water When hot, it causes a chain effect that stimulates the release of other simpler components.
In the same way, it happens with water if it is influenced by external elements, they can trigger a state of rupture in its molecular structure (hydrolysis).
Therefore, reactivity is one of the most applied chemical processes and with it, possible changes in a given structure are identified.
It is a chemical process involving a substance that eliminates electronstransforming the chemical structure of a body.
Therefore, when the substance comes into contact with an oxidizing reagent, a chemical reaction occurs and the properties of the body change drastically.
An example of this process is when the decomposition of electrons is carried out in a metal, that is, the ironwhich is transformed into ferric oxide.
The following chemical process transforms a reaction into electron gain on an element in question.
Consequently, the atom gains electrons and causes a low interaction with the oxidation process.
Likewise, the reduction acts on chemical bonds such as those of oxygen and carboncausing a substantial increase in atoms of hydrogen.
The word ‘lysis’ it is death, destruction or rupture e ‘hydro’, means water. Therefore, it is the breaking of a molecule or ion of the vital liquid.
Said reaction or chemical interaction occurs as a result of a water molecular dissociation, forming union with other elemental bonds.
In turn, the water molecule breaks or divides into various structures, creating other reactions starting from the fragments of the original configuration.
This chemical reaction is due to external elements such as light and heat, causing considerable changes in a body or matter.
This chemical property is related to the oxidation of the elements, which quickly act called ‘fuels’.
An example of combustion is the complete oxidation of the elements creating other compounds like carbon dioxide or the water.
For his part, he carbon monoxide and the particles released from hydrogen are elements resulting from incomplete combustion.
This process occurs with the external conditions of pressure, temperature and the emission of gases where a body or combustible material is involved.
Therefore, combustion and flammability are chemical processes derived from oxidation.
To cite an example, since fire exists as a combustible substance, it is added gas liquid, the flammability process is directly proportional to the temperature.
Starting from the previous idea, the chemical property of a flammable object will depend on the extreme temperature or heat of a physical agent.
Another example of chemical properties of matter is alkalinity, an action that allows the neutrality of the acid components of a substance.
One of the examples of this chemical reaction is water, which must be neutralized to be drinkable and then suitable for human consumption.
On the other hand, the alkalinity of the water stems from the presence of weak acids that react to any natural or chemical stimulus.
This chemical process owes its name to the production of ions positive as opposed to neutral elements or their deficit.
For this, there must be an imbalance in the presence of neutronspassing this procedure, the ions can be anion or cation.
In the case of the anion, it consists of the presence of a negative electrical charge, which allows the entry of previously obtained electrons.
For its part, the cation is an ion with a positive electrical charge and which constitutes the deficit of electrons through a previous chemical reaction.
9. pH measurement
He pH It is the interpretation of a substance through a scale that goes from 0 to 14 and that will consider if it is alkaline (basic), neutral or acid.
If the substance is less than 7 it is considered an acid, which dictates the concentration of hydrogen in a liquid.
For its part, if it exceeds 7, we are in the presence of an alkaline aqueous substance.
Meanwhile, neutral pH considers the existing balance in the alkaline and acid reactions of a chemical component.
The formation of esters is calledesterification’where essential components are involved such as fatty acids and the alcohol.
The carboxylic acids unite with alcohol and, in turn, generate a reaction equivalent to the formation of esters.
Some examples of this chemical process are vinyl acetate, methyl salicylate or glyceryl trinitrate and acetylsalicylic acid or aspirin very useful in medicine.